Defence Medal 1939-1945

The Defence Medal was awarded for service in the forces in non-operational areas subjected to air attack or closey threatened for at least three years service in Great Britain until 8th May 1945 or one year in territories overseas until 2 September 1945. In the case of mine and bomb disposal units the time qualification was three months and Canadians serving for one year in Newfoundland were eligible and persons serving for six months in Hong Kong were also eligible. Service in West Africa, Palestine and India, other than operational air crew, qualified also for this award. Those awarded the George Cross or the George Medal for civil defence received this award and the Home Guard also qualified for this award.

Owing to the terms of reference it was not unusual to find a person with this award who had never heard a shot fired, but a person with only the Defence Medal, for example, whilst serving in the rescue services in London earned also this award and only the man who wears this award knows why it was earned.

The award has the coinage head of King George VI on the obverse. The reverse shows the Royal Crown resting above a small oak tree and flanked by two heraldic lions. The dates 1939 and 1945 appear in the top left and right respectively on the reverse, whilst beneath are the words THE DEFENCE MEDAL. The Medal is made of a Cupro-Nickel combination. The Canadian versions however, were made of ".800 fine" silver.

The light green ribbon is 1.25 inches wide with a central stripe of orange, which is 0.5 inches wide, and a narrow black stripe in the middle of each green stripe. The orange (flame colour) represents the enemy attacks on the green land of England and the black stripes represents the black-outs.

Adair, Hugh* August 24th, 1923
† October 27th, 2013

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Cagienard, Robert-Roland00-00-192025-04-1944 
Cain, Robert Henry02-01-190902-05-1974 
Caldwell, Clive Robertson "Killer"28-07-191105-08-1994more 
Callander, Donald Fraser22-04-191805-04-1992more 
Cameron, Duncan   
Cameron, Ralph Alverne Cyril25-08-191807-07-2004 
Campbell, Alexander Fraser02-05-189818-10-1940 
Campbell, Arthur William11-04-192019-08-2010 
Campbell, John   
Campbell, John Charles "Jock"10-01-189426-02-1942more 
Campbell, John Davies11-11-192130-07-2015more 
Campbell, Robert McNeil29-11-192300-11-1985more 
Campbell, Sydney Peter07-05-190908-11-1942 
Campion, George Alexander23-01-191123-05-1944 
Campion, Michael Patrick08-05-191604-12-1943 
Campling, Eric Frank Knowles01-08-192008-04-1944more 
Cappi, Ernst Thomson   
Carey, Walter Evan21-11-192018-02-2016 
Cargill, William   
Carmichael, Gordon Thomas 09-07-1943 
Carr, Jack Theobald01-07-190327-07-1984 
Carr-Lewty, Robet Albert06-07-191104-03-1994 
Carter, Bernard Law   
Carter, Thomas Christopher "Toby"27-12-1917 more 
Cartmell, James Henry18-09-192224-02-2017more 
Chance, Peter Goodwin  more 
Chandler, Alfred Roy08-08-190800-00-1995 
Chandler, Thomas Francis00-00-191905-04-1975more 
Charles, Edward   
Charlton, Wilson Hodgson09-04-190712-05-1953 
Chase, Frederick John Alliston18-04-191018-04-1910 
Chater, Hartley Ernest00-02-190300-00-1983 
Checketts, John Milne20-02-191221-04-2006more 
Chennell, Lionel Albert 00-00-1997 
Cherry, Frank Arthur28-04-192110-04-1945 
Cheshire, Geoffrey Leonard07-09-191731-07-1992more 
Chojnacki, Wlodzimierz19-11-191402-10-2014more 
Cizek, Evzen10-12-190426-11-1942more 
Clayton, Gareth Thomas Butler13-11-191405-02-1992more 
Cliff, Geoffrey John "Jack"14-08-190714-10-1988more 
Clouston, Arthur Edmund07-04-190801-01-1984more 
Cochrane, Alfred William Gordon10-10-191629-10-1994more 
Cock, John Reynolds03-03-191829-08-1988 
Cockbain, Stephen Legh00-00-191614-01-1945 
Cohen, G.M. "Kay"   
Cohen, Vincent Oswald00-00-191200-00-1984 
Cole, Kenneth John00-00-1919  
Cole, Robert Bruce11-11-191916-01-1956more 
Collishaw, Raymond22-11-189328-09-1976 
Colyer, Douglas01-03-189322-02-1978more 
Combe, John Frederick Boyce01-08-189512-07-1967more 
Connolly, Stephen John Verdun05-03-191721-07-1966 
Conway, Victor George Henry 06-06-1944 
Coop, Thomas William   
Corby, John00-03-188700-00-1946more 
Corser, Richard George00-00-192000-05-1949more 
Costello, John Aston05-04-1916  
Cotter, John00-06-1912  
Cotterell, Lester  more 
Cottrell-Hill, Roger Charles00-00-190300-00-1965more 
Courage, Rafe Edward22-06-1902 more 
Cowan, William James Henry   
Cox, Derrick   
Coyne, James Anthony Ignatius   
Cracknell, Douglas Aubrey09-12-190900-00-1979more 
Craggs, Harold Telfer13-08-1919 more 
Craig, John Harper23-05-191401-06-2000 
Cramer, John08-01-1916 more 
Cranefield, Knivett Carton02-05-192217-09-2016 
Crankshaw, John Anthony Norman00-00-1918 more 
Crawford-Compton, William Vernon02-03-191502-01-1988more 
Croker, Edward James O’Brien21-06-191013-05-1967more 
Cross, Kenneth Brian Boyd "Bing"04-10-191118-06-2003more 
Cross, Philip Louis Ulrich01-05-191704-10-2013 
Cukr, Vaclav16-10-191314-10-1989more 
Cullen, Frederick John27-08-190415-02-1976more 
Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningh, Andrew Browne07-01-188312-06-1963more 
Currant, Christopher Frederick "Bunny"14-12-191112-03-2006more 
Currie, David Vivian08-07-191224-06-1986more 
Curtis, Charles 06-02-1942 
Curtis, Lettice01-02-191521-07-2014 
Cutler, Arthur Roden24-05-191621-02-2002more 
Cutts, Edward Gersham28-11-190517-06-1944 
Cypher, Herbert Thomas   
Czerny, Jan Tadeusz02-01-190818-02-1991more 

Sources