Defence Medal 1939-1945

The Defence Medal was awarded for service in the forces in non-operational areas subjected to air attack or closey threatened for at least three years service in Great Britain until 8th May 1945 or one year in territories overseas until 2 September 1945. In the case of mine and bomb disposal units the time qualification was three months and Canadians serving for one year in Newfoundland were eligible and persons serving for six months in Hong Kong were also eligible. Service in West Africa, Palestine and India, other than operational air crew, qualified also for this award. Those awarded the George Cross or the George Medal for civil defence received this award and the Home Guard also qualified for this award.

Owing to the terms of reference it was not unusual to find a person with this award who had never heard a shot fired, but a person with only the Defence Medal, for example, whilst serving in the rescue services in London earned also this award and only the man who wears this award knows why it was earned.

The award has the coinage head of King George VI on the obverse. The reverse shows the Royal Crown resting above a small oak tree and flanked by two heraldic lions. The dates 1939 and 1945 appear in the top left and right respectively on the reverse, whilst beneath are the words THE DEFENCE MEDAL. The Medal is made of a Cupro-Nickel combination. The Canadian versions however, were made of ".800 fine" silver.

The light green ribbon is 1.25 inches wide with a central stripe of orange, which is 0.5 inches wide, and a narrow black stripe in the middle of each green stripe. The orange (flame colour) represents the enemy attacks on the green land of England and the black stripes represents the black-outs.

Adair, Hugh* August 24th, 1923
October 27th, 2013

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Tan, Boon Cheok18-05-192214-03-1971 
Tangen, Bjarne06-06-1922 more 
Tatham-Warter, Allison "Digby"26-05-191721-03-1993 
Tatler, Harold John Mason24-04-191715-01-2009more 
Tattersall, Hugh Geoffrey Wynne01-05-192307-10-1988 
Tayler, Denis Graham William19-09-192003-09-2005more 
Taylor, Clive Shackleton08-09-192021-03-2012 
Taylor, Donald   
Taylor, William Horace23-10-190816-01-1999 
Temke, William Henry 08-10-1944 
Theobald, Wilfred Murray 12-06-1943 
Thiele, Keith Frederick "Jimmy"25-02-1921 more 
Thomas, Henry James "Jim"21-06-191715-12-1965 
Thomas, Herbert Samuel Griffiths15-04-191224-08-1980 
Thomas, Walter Babington "Sandy"29-06-191822-10-1917more 
Thompson, Forrest Harold15-12-191721-03-1945more 
Thompson, John00-00-1919 more 
Thomson, Andrew John  more 
Thomson, George  more 
Thorpe, Norman   
Thurston, Harry Clive Edgar13-11-191900-00-1984more 
Tiernan, Patrick Edward Thomas23-06-191417-06-1944 
Tilly, Gerald06-09-1897 more 
Tirrell, Thomas Joseph "Jack"00-10-190900-01-1995more 
Todd, Andrew Duff   
Tolan, Leslie30-01-1920  
Tomlinson, Albert05-06-191400-02-1985more 
Topham, Frederick George "Toppy"10-08-191731-05-1974more 
Tovey, Lord of Langton Matravers, John Cronyn07-03-188512-01-1971more 
Townsend, Peter Wooldridge22-11-191419-06-1995more 
Tranter, Arnold Ernest00-00-1918 more 
Trigg, Lloyd Allan05-05-191411-08-1943more 
Triquet, Paul02-04-191008-08-1980more 
Trotman, Percival John Povey   
Truscott, Keith William "Bluey"17-05-191628-03-1943more 
Turnbull, John Hugh Stephenson10-01-191626-06-2004more 
Turnbull, Tom Attwell00-00-190809-12-1992more 
Turner, Victor Buller17-01-190007-08-1972more 
Turner, William Arthur Scales00-01-1890 more 
Turpin, Patrick George27-04-191114-09-1996more 
Twamley, Reginald John03-12-191224-10-1973 
Twite, Charles Edward   
Tyminski, Romuald13-11-190529-12-2003more 
Tyrwhitt, Mary Joan Caroline22-12-190318-03-1997 

Sources