Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse

At the beginning of the Second World War, the Iron Cross 2nd Class was still highly regarded. In later war years however it was rewarded with much more ease. Still most recipients would wear the award with the same amount of proud ness. The Iron Cross 2nd Class was the first grade within the Iron Cross that was to be obtained for an individual act of bravery.

The official criteria were the individual and single act of bravery in the face of the enemy or actions that were above and beyond the normal call of duty. The approximately three million awarded crosses were obtained by German Military, Axis military and civilian uniformed organisations.

The cross measures 44 mm in diameter and hangs from a ribbon in the colours black white and red. The wide red band in the middle is being flanked by two equal white bands that both again are being flanked by a black band. During the whole war the production was retained with a high quality. On the front side one can find a Swastika and the year 1939, while the obverse contains the year 1813 on the lower arm.

Almost all World War Two crosses were made out of three parts, the Iron core and a silver rim on the front and backside. The two silver rims were welded together, holding the iron core. The core was produced from iron and was blackened. This core made the Iron Cross to be magnetized. Some examples are not magnetized because they were produced with brass or cupper. This version was especially welcome with members of the Kriegmarine. This core lasted longer in the exposure of salty sea water. The rim was supposed to be made from silver, but more common was the use of “German Silver”, a less expensive alloy of cupper, zinc and nickel. At the top a ring was welded to hold the loop for the ribbon. On the loop one can often find the manufacturers name although it is not uncommon that no name is placed. Therefore the absence of the manufacturers name is not a criterion to classify the cross as original or not.

The Iron Cross could be received in two different ways. The most exclusive way was in a leather box. More common was the bleu coloured envelop with in gothic letters the words “Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse”. The presentation was accompanied with a standard document. The receiving was also to be written down in the recipients “Soldbuch”or “Wehrpass”. The document normally didn’t contain the reason for obtaining the Cross, although in some occasions it was written down on the backside of the document.

It was not usual to wear the decoration it self. In stead a ribbon was worn on the left breast of hanging from the second button hole of the tunic in the way of the former Prussian Army.

In 1957 a special version of the cross was produced. On this the Swastika was replaced with an oak leaf. The way military actions of the Second World War could be honoured without the use of the forbidden Nazi-symbols. Most veterans however choose to wear the decoration as a ribbon only. Most 1957 versions are of a lesser quality than wartime examples.

Springer, Heinrich Adolf Leopold* November 3rd, 1914
† October 27th, 2007

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Borchers, Adolf* February 10th, 1913
† February 9th, 1996

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Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Naas, Werner   
Nabben, Bernhardt29-05-1917  
Nacke, Heinz22-12-190916-09-1984 
Naether, Reinhard05-01-1914  
Nagel zu Aichberg, von, Konrad06-09-191209-08-1944 
Nahrgang, Ernst22-08-1919  
Nanz, Günter19-05-1917 more 
Narjes, Anton03-10-190521-11-1975 
Narten, Heinrich   
Nasarski, Emil   
Naseband, Werner08-01-191629-08-1997more 
Nass, Walter29-05-191006-10-1982more 
Natzmer, von, Oldwig Otto29-06-190401-04-1980 
Nau, Herbert08-04-191328-08-1944 
Nauck, Hans03-10-1922  
Naue, Kurt17-01-191628-04-1944 
Nauerz, Arnulf   
Naujocks, Alfred20-09-191104-04-1966 
Naujoks, Fritz   
Naumann, Erich29-04-190507-06-1951 
Naumann, Horst23-12-192127-11-2000more 
Naumann, Johannes11-10-191722-03-2010 
Naumann, Walter (11. Armee)   
Naßhan, Rupprecht19-12-191404-08-1943 
Nebe, Werner03-03-190412-07-1944 
Nebel, Peter19-10-191418-06-1994more 
Nechansky, Leonhard11-07-191314-12-1942 
Nechutnys, Klaus18-05-1918  
Necker, von, Hans-Horst28-08-190327-02-1979 
Nedden, Hans-Günther17-07-191328-04-1945 
Neide, Kurt08-07-191622-09-1980 
Neidhöfer, Hans28-09-191107-11-1974 
Neigl, Ludwig05-08-192123-09-2003more 
Neitzel, Walter09-05-191302-09-1944more 
Nelke, Herbert20-03-191530-01-1941 
Nelles, Heinrich14-04-191417-02-1997 
Nemitz, Willi01-11-191011-04-1943 
Nemnich, Gerhart12-12-191215-03-1945 
Nennstiel, Wilhelm   
Nenonen, Wilho Petter06-03-188317-02-1960 
Neppl, Reinhold   
Nessmann, Willi17-11-1915  
Neu, Kurt28-02-192107-04-1945 
Neubauer, Kurt   
Neubert, Frank28-09-191513-12-2003more 
Neubert, Rudolf08-09-191419-04-1995more 
Neubrandt, Rudolf23-09-191911-10-1941 
Neuer, Herbert14-01-191802-05-1942 
Neufeld, Ernst29-03-191505-10-2010 
Neuhaus, Johann  more 
Neuhoff, Hermann11-04-191817-01-2006 
Neuhoff, Karl24-04-191525-12-2001more 
Neuhuber, Franz11-09-191903-07-1943 
Neulinger, Martin 08-03-1943 
Neumair, Ludwig   
Neumann, Dr., Wilhelm   
Neumann, Eggert30-12-191228-05-1970more 
Neumann, Georg   
Neumann, Heinrich17-02-190819-05-2005more 
Neumann, Horst   
Neumann, Klaus05-10-192310-12-2000 
Neumann, Werner13-05-190504-07-1970more 
Neumann-Cosel, von, Berthold   
Neumeister, Karl15-08-190302-10-1990more 
Neumeyer, Josef22-11-191530-09-1941 
Neumüller, Franz   
Neumüller, Fritz14-03-192001-09-1944 
Neuner, Martin   
Neusüß, Walter04-07-191425-08-2009more 
Neveux, Jean02-08-191904-04-1998 
Newerla, Bruno   
Nibbe, Kurt17-02-191801-05-2005 
Nickel, Alfred   
Nickel, Erwin28-09-1906  
Nickel, Fritz16-05-1920  
Nickel, Walter08-06-191910-03-1994 
Nickisch, Wilhelm  more 
Niclaus, Hans   
Nicolai, Günther   
Nicolai, Otto09-01-1911  
Nicolaus, Arnold   
Nicolussi-Leck, Karl14-03-191730-08-2008 
Niederländer, Horst01-04-190824-04-1944 
Niedieck, Werner   
Niedzwetzki, Hans07-04-191201-01-1945 
Niedzwitzki, Roman16-09-191931-07-1977 
Niegsch, Karl31-10-190604-07-1969 
Niehus, Walter07-04-1916  
Niehuus, Heinz26-04-191329-06-1989 
Niehörster, Hans   
Nielsen, Albert28-10-191406-07-1947 
Niemack, Horst10-03-190907-04-1992more 
Niemann, August22-04-191702-04-1945 
Niemann, Heinrich28-03-192116-06-1979 
Niemann, Willi13-04-191301-12-1944 
Niemeck, Gerhard10-06-191619-07-1983 
Niemeier, Ernst08-01-191922-10-1990 
Niemeyer, Heinrich (KM-U-boot)15-06-191001-11-1991more 
Niemeyer, Herbert   
Niemietz, Josef18-10-191313-03-2001more 
Niepold, Gerd25-05-191325-10-2007 
Nierle, Heinz24-05-191313-09-1944 
Nierle, Hubert   
Nietert, Georg24-08-190808-05-1978more 
Nietsche, Heinrich06-03-190709-05-1945 
Niggemeyer, Wilhelm09-05-191814-02-2008more 
Nill, Hans11-02-1915  
Nilsen, Arne   
Nilsen, Arne W.   
Nilshon, Hans25-11-191611-05-2001 
Nimtz, Kurt  more 
Nimz, Paul   
Nioduschewski, Fritz   
Nippa, Erhard07-02-192227-06-2003 
Nitsch, Hans-Joachim01-10-192228-08-2012 
Nitsche, Otto   
Nix, Helmut00-00-191400-00-1944 
Noack, Kurt  more 
Noak, Karl-Heinz30-07-191614-11-1978 
Nobis, Ernst18-10-190107-03-1963 
Noe, Alfred20-08-1903  
Noë, Friedrich "Fritz"09-03-191526-04-1944more 
Noehles, Wilhelm   
Noerren, Willi   
Noeske, Hubertus24-11-1911  
Noftz, Walter   
Noller, Wilhelm28-11-191926-12-2011more 
Nolte, Heinz26-01-1918  
Nolte, Herbert   
Nolte, Willi (WH-Grenadier-Regiment 58)   
Nonn, Victor-Wilhelm02-04-1917  
Nordmann, Heinz02-10-1919  
Nordmann, Karl-Gottfried22-11-191522-07-1982 
Nordmann, Theodor18-12-191819-01-1945more 
Nordt, Otto12-01-190225-07-1976 
Norz, Jakob20-10-192016-09-1944 
Nossek, Rainer05-05-192030-04-1945 
Nostitz, Graf von , Eberhard15-02-190600-00-1983 
Nottbeck, von, Jürgen20-04-191728-08-1967more 
Notter, Emil   
Notz, von, Friedrich-Wilhelm27-04-191526-01-1996 
Nowak, Joseph11-05-1910  
Nowotnik, Heinz29-03-192031-05-1999 
Nowotnik, Karl06-12-191420-03-1996 
Nowotny, Walter07-12-192008-11-1944more 
Nowowieski, Gregor09-01-191423-10-1996 
Nueske, Ernst-Wilhelm   
Nugiseks, Harald22-10-192102-01-2014 
Nussel, Paul30-04-191419-12-1969 
Nürnbach, Helmut   
Nürnberger, Erich22-09-191912-03-1944 
Nädele, Wilhelm21-04-190306-07-1944 
Nähring, Alfred09-06-191015-02-1991more 
Nöbel, Kurt15-02-191703-02-2000 
Nökel, Friedrich-Karl02-06-191717-10-1998more 
Nöllgen, Heinz13-04-1911  
Nöske, Klaus26-11-191115-05-1978 
Nötzold, Gustav09-01-191321-12-2009