Racial doctrine
The Germans made a distinction between people based on race.
Racism
Discrimination based on race.
Radar
English abbreviation meaning: Radio Detection And Ranging. System to detect the presence, distance, speed and direction of an object, such as ships and airplanes, using electromagnetic waves.
Radio Orange
Radio station that was broadcasting during World War 2 from London. Specifically focused on the occupied Netherlands.
RAF
Royal Air Force. British air force
Raid
Fast military raid in enemy territory
Railway strike
This was announced on the radio and complied with by the Dutch railway staff on 17 September 1944. The railway strike was intended to support the allied plan Operation Market Garden. After the allied airborne landings had failed, Dutch railway staff remained on strike until the liberation.
Ranger
American name for a specially trained soldier (similar to commando).
Raspoetitsa
Russian name for the rain season. Through the excessive rainfall, Russian roads turned into quagmires which made the transportation of troops and the supply practically impossible for the German army.
Ratification
Confirmation, agreement by a government or parliament of an international agreement.
Razzia
Organised round-up of a group of people. This could be Jews but also persons in hiding or other groups.
Recce/Reconnaissance
Exploration. Stalking the enemy in order to get as much information as possible. During World War 2 reconnaissance units usually were lightly armoured and equipped with light arms. These were only for self-defence. Exploring is not an offensive task.
Red Army
Army of the Soviet Union.
Regiment
Part of a division. A division divided into a number of regiments. In the army traditionally the name of the major organised unit of one type of weapon.
Reich chancellor
Name of German head of state. From 1933 till 1945 Adolf Hitler was Reich chancellor of Germany.
Reichsarbeitsdienst (RAD)
Labour service for men between the age of 18 to 25 years old introduced in Nazi Germany in June 1935.
Reichskommissar
Title of amongst others Arthur Seyss-Inquart, the highest representative of the German authority during the occupation of The Netherlands.
Reichstag building
German government building in Berlin.
Reichstag fire
On the 27 February 1933 the building of the German government was set on fire. The Germans could declare a state of emergency and hereby come into power. It is not known whether the fire was started by the Nazi’s or the communists. The Dutchman Marinus van der Lubbe was in any case condemned for the crime.
Reichswehr
German army during the Weimar republic.
Resistance
Resistance against the enemy. Often also with armed resources.
Revolution
Usually sudden and violent reversal of existing (political) the political set-up and situations.
Rhineland
German-speaking demilitarized area on the right bank of the Rhine which was occupied by Adolf Hitler in 1936 after World War 1.
RKKA
Official name of the Red Army, the army of the Soviet Union. In full “Rabotsje Krestjanskaja Krasnaja Armiya”, meaning Red Army of workers and peasants.
RKKF
Official name of the Red Fleet, the fleet of the Soviet Union. In full “Rabotsje Krestjanskaja” meaning Red Fleet of workers and peasants.
RKKVF
Official name of the Red Air force, the air force of the Soviet Union. In full “Rabotsje Krestjanskaja Vozdoesjny Flot”. Meaning, Red airfleet of workers and peasants.
Rocket
A projectile propelled by a rearward facing series of explosions.
Royal Air Force / RAF
The United Kingdom’s air force
RSHA
Reichssicherheitshauptamt. The central information and security service of the Third Reich.

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