Action: For action performed on 16 December 1944, near Lanzerath/Province of Liège, Belgium. Details: This award was obtained with an bronze "V" for Valor device to be attached on the ribbon of the award.
- Kershaw A., Het Ardennenoffensief, Uitgeverij BZZTôH bv, 's Gravenhage, 2005
- Rusiecki, S.M., The Key to the Bulge – The Battle for Losheimergraben, Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, U.S.A., 2009
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