The Second World War took place from 1939 to 1945 and was fought on several fronts between the Axis powers (mainly Germany and Japan) and the Allied Powers (mainly the Soviet Union, the United States of America and the British Commonwealth). This war was characterized by the huge number of civilian casualties and the gigantic scale of the theatre of war. The war ended in 1945 in the advantage of the Allied Powers. In total more than 70 million people lost their lives, including approx. 50 million civilians.