The Russian revolutions in the spring of 1917 put a stop to the monarchy of the Russian Empire. The tsar was dethroned and soon after that the Bolsheviks led by Lenin took over the power. The opponents of the Bolsheviks formed the White army led by several Tsarist Generals. They were supported by several Western countries in their battle against the Bolshevik Red Army. In the beginning, the Red Army quickly lost terrain. However, the shattered White Army was severely weakened because of a lack of good cooperation within army command, which gave the Red Army the chance to turn the tide. The Red Army won the war, which in addition resulted in the independence of Finland and the Baltic states: Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia.