Malcolm, Hugh Gordon

Date of birth:
May 2nd, 1917 (Broughty Ferry, Dundee, Scotland)
Date of death:
December 4th, 1942 (Chougui, Tunisia)
Buried on:
Commonwealth War Cemetery Beja
Plot: 2. Row: E. Grave: 6.
Service number:
33322
Nationality:
British (1801-present, Kingdom)

Biography

Career:
?: Flight Cadet;
January 18th, 1938: Pilot Officer (seniority December 18th, 1937);
September 12th, 1939: Flying Officer (seniority June 18th, 1939);
September 3rd, 1940: Flight Lieutenant;
December 1st, 1941: Temporary Squadron Leader;
?: Acting Wing Commander;
November 20th, 1942: Squadron Leader (seniority December 1st, 1941).

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Acting Wing Commander
Unit:
No. 18 Squadron, Royal Air Force
Awarded on:
April 27th, 1943
Action:
Citation:
"This officer commanded a squadron of light bombers in North Africa. Throughout his service in that theatre his leadership, skill and daring were of the highest order.
On 17th November, 1942, he was detailed to carry out a low-level formation attack on Bizerta airfield, taking advantage of cloud cover. Twenty miles from the target the sky became clear, but Wing Commander Malcolm carried on, knowing well the danger of proceeding without a fighter escort. Despite fierce opposition, all bombs were dropped within the airfield perimeter. A Junkers 52 and a Messerschmitt 109 were shot down; many dispersed enemy aircraft were raked by machine gun fire. Weather conditions became extremely unfavourable and as a result, two of his aircraft were lost by collision; another was forced down by enemy fighters. It was due to this officer's skilful and resolute leadership that the remaining aircraft returned safely to base.
On 28th November, 1942, he again led his squadron against Bizerta airfield which was bombed from a low altitude. The airfield on this occasion was heavily defended and intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire was met. Nevertheless, after his squadron had released their bombs, Wing Commander Malcolm led them back again and again to attack the airfield with machine gun fire.
These were typical of every sortie undertaken by this gallant officer; each attack was pressed to an effective conclusion however difficult the task and however formidable the opposition.
Finally, on 4th December, 1942, Wing Commander Malcolm, having been detailed to give close support to the First Army, received an urgent request to attack an enemy fighter airfield hear Chouigui. Wing Commander Malcolm knew that to attack such an objective without a fighter escort - which could not be arranged in the time available - would be to court almost certain disaster; but believing the attack to be necessary for the success of the Army's operations, his duty was clear. He decided to attack. He took off with his squadron and reached the target unmolested, but when he had successfully attacked it, his squadron was intercepted by an overwhelming force of enemy fighters. Wing Commander Malcolm fought back, controlling his hard-pressed squadron and attempting to maintain formation. One by one his aircraft were shot down until only his own aircraft remained. In the end he, too, was shot down in flames.
Wing Commander Malcolm's last exploit was the finest example of the valour and unswerving devotion to duty which he constantly displayed."
Details:
Awarded posthumously.
Victoria Cross (VC)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Details:
With "NORTH AFRICA 1942-43" clasp.
Africa Star

Sources

  • Photo: Royal Air Force photo
    - Find a Grave/Iain MacFarlaine
  • - Paul Fraser Collectibles
    - The London Gazette of 18th January 1938, Issue 34474
    - The London Gazette of 31st October 1939, Issue 34721
    - The London Gazette of 19th November 1940, Issue 34996
    - The London Gazette of 16th December 1941, Issue 35383
    - Second Supplement to The London Gazette of 17th November 1942, Issue 35791, dated 20th November 1942
    - Second Supplement to The London Gazette of 23rd April 1943, Issue 35992, dated 27th April 1943

Photos