Turnage, Allen Hal

Date of birth:
January 3rd, 1891 (Farmville/North Carolina, United States)
Date of death:
October 22nd, 1971 (Bethesda Naval Hospital, United States)
Nationality:
American (1776 - present, Republic)

Biography

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major General
Unit:
Landing Force, 3rd Marine Division "Fighting Third", U.S. Marine Corps
Awarded on:
September 5th, 1944
Action:
The Navy Cross is presented to Allen H. Turnage, Major General, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding General of the Landing Force of the Third Marine Division (Reinforced), during the establishment of a beachhead in the Solomon Islands Area from November 1 to November 27, 1943. Leading his command with intrepidity and daring aggressiveness, major General Turnage frequently exposed himself to heavy enemy gunfire throughout the landing and operations essential to the attainment and consolidation of the final beachhead line at Empress August Bay, Bougainville Island. His conspicuous courage, distinguished leadership and resolute devotion to duty throughout this period were an inspiration to the officers and men in his command and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Navy Cross
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major General
Unit:
3rd Marine Division "Fighting Third", U.S. Marine Corps
Action:
"For exceptionally meritorious service to the Government of the United States in a duty of great responsibility as Commanding General of the THIRD Marine Division in action against enemy Japanese forces on Guam, Marianas Islands, from 21 July 1944 to 10 August 1944. A forceful and aggressive leader, Major General Turnage skillfully executed a perilous landing against fierce, determined opposition, steadily drove the Japanese back from their beach defenses and secured the vital beachhead by nightfall. Despite heavy enemy mortar and artillery fire and the difficulties imposed by steep hills, cliffs and thickly wooded areas, he maneuvered the units of his command with expert tactical ability and, repeatedly occupying forward positions to direct their tenacious stand against a series of hostile counterattacks which culminated in an all-out effort by a major portion of the enemy forces, subsequently led his Division in an extremely hazardous advance over rugged terrain and through dense jungle growth to the northern limit of the island. Distinguishing himself by his cool courage and outstanding efficiency and resourcefulness in the face of adverse conditions, Major General Turnage contributed in a large measure to the success of the entire operation on this highly strategic island, and his valiant devotion to duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service."
Distinguished Service Medal - Navy/USMC
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major General
Unit:
HQ, U.S. Marine Corps
Action:
"For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States while serving at Headquarters, United States Marine Corps, Washington, D.C., during the period from 15 September 1944 through 31 October 1946."
Legion of Merit - US Military
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Details:
With Base Clasp.
American Defence Service Medal
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Details:
With three service stars.
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Details:
WIth "France" clasp and Maltese cross.
World War I Victory Medal

Sources