Silver Star Medal (SSM)

By act of the US Congress on July 9th 1918, the Silver Star Medal was instituted as "Citation Star". The decoration then was not more than a small silver star that could be worn on the ribbon of any campaign decoration. The Congress decided in 1932 that a star could be awarded for actions dating back to the Spanish-American war in 1898. The decoration was then given a new name as Silver Star Medal and was newly designed. The original "Citation Star" was placed in the middle of the new design. The designer of the new Silver Star Medal was Rudolf Freund of "Bailey, Banks and Biddle".
On August 7th, 1942, the American Congress decided that the Silver Star Medal also could be given to civilians.
The decoration comes in the form of a gold coloured star, with in the central part a laurel wreath. In the middle of this one can find the smaller Silver Star from the "Citation Star". On the reverse, the medal bears the words "FOR GALLANTRY IN ACTION".
The first real Silver Star Medal was awarded to General Douglas Mac Arthur in August 1932. He received it with six times the Oak Leaves, which means he received the Silver Star Medal seven times at once.

The Ribbon is white and has two blue stripes near the sides and a red stripe over the middle.

The decoration could be awarded to a person who, while serving in any capacity with the US Army, is cited for gallantry in action against an enemy of the United States while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force, or while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party. The required gallantry, while a lesser degree than that required for award of the Distinguished Service Cross, must nevertheless have been performed with marked distinction.

Only for the first time the Silver Star Medal is being awarded, the recipient really received the medal. Within the US Army and the US Army Air Force/US Air Force, a Bronze Oak Leave was received for every further Silver Star Medal. The Oak Leave was to be worn on the ribbon of the first Silver Star Medal. Within the US Navy, US Marines Corps and the US Coast Guard, a Golden Star was received.
For every fifth Bronze Oak Leave or Golden Star a Silver Oak Leave or Silver Star was received.

Abrams, Creighton Williams, Jr.* September 15th, 1914
† September 4th, 1974

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Grid List
Abate, Albert F.* July 29th, 1915
† December 1st, 2000

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Abbott, Earl L. "Abby"* January 8th, 1919
† January 24th, 1945

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Abrams, Creighton Williams, Jr.* September 15th, 1914
† September 4th, 1974

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Adams, Carlton R.* April 6th, 1908

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Adams, Donald R.* February 20th, 1920
† September 20th, 1944

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Adams, Jonathan E., Jr. "Jock"* September 8th, 1917
† September 20th, 1984

Adams, Ronald F., Sr.† January 7th, 1945

Ahearn, John Littleton* November 30th, 1914
† June 23rd, 2004

Ainsworth, Ellen Gertrude* March 9th, 1919
† February 16th, 1944
Plot: C Row: 11 Grave: 22

Akers, George Edward* May 5th, 1922
† January 1st, 1945
Plot: F Grave: 545

Albert, Howard† December 23rd, 1943

Alcantar, Max L.* December 14th, 1921
† February 25th, 1945

Alexander, Mark James* January 23rd, 1911
† May 21st, 2004

Alioto, John* May 2nd, 1915
† February 25th, 1945

Alison, John R.* November 21st, 1912
† June 6th, 2011

Amey, Herbert R., Jr.† November 20th, 1943

Anderson, Clarence Franklin* July 19th, 1918
† October 10th, 1993

Anderson, John S.† March 26th, 1945

Anderson, Maurice Milner* September 18th, 1924
† December 15th, 2007

Andrews, Charles Herbert* May 14th, 1908
† December 7th, 1981
Plot: 3 Grave: 1977

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Andrieux, Jacques Marie Anne* August 15th, 1917
† January 21st, 2005

Anglade, Pierre* November 21st, 1921
† July 3rd, 1946

Antone, Ferris J.† August 26th, 1942

Armellino, John Ralph* February 21st, 1921
† September 17th, 2004

Arnold, Archibald Vincent* February 24th, 1889
† January 4th, 1973

Arnold, William Howard* January 18th, 1901
† September 30th, 1976
Plot: 13 Row: A Grave: 7

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Askew, Clair F.* February 5th, 1917
† August 11th, 1944

Atherton, Roger L.† September 20th, 1944
Plot: F Row: 2 Grave: 22

Atkins, Barry Kennedy* August 2nd, 1911
† November 15th, 2005
Plot: 66 Grave: 6366

Atwood, Dayton D.* 1922
† December 25th, 1944
Plot: B Row: 5 Grave: 4

Austin, Bernard Lige* December 15th, 1902

Axline, Sherman E.† September 20th, 1944
Plot: F Row: 2 Grave: 15

Axsom, George H.* October 29th, 1920
† June 12th, 1984

Ayers John E.† February 19th, 1944
Plot: G Row: 10 Grave: 12

Sources