Silver Star Medal (SSM)

By act of the US Congress on July 9th 1918, the Silver Star Medal was instituted as "Citation Star". The decoration then was not more than a small silver star that could be worn on the ribbon of any campaign decoration. The Congress decided in 1932 that a star could be awarded for actions dating back to the Spanish-American war in 1898. The decoration was then given a new name as Silver Star Medal and was newly designed. The original "Citation Star" was placed in the middle of the new design. The designer of the new Silver Star Medal was Rudolf Freund of "Bailey, Banks and Biddle".
On August 7th, 1942, the American Congress decided that the Silver Star Medal also could be given to civilians.
The decoration comes in the form of a gold coloured star, with in the central part a laurel wreath. In the middle of this one can find the smaller Silver Star from the "Citation Star". On the reverse, the medal bears the words "FOR GALLANTRY IN ACTION".
The first real Silver Star Medal was awarded to General Douglas Mac Arthur in August 1932. He received it with six times the Oak Leaves, which means he received the Silver Star Medal seven times at once.

The Ribbon is white and has two blue stripes near the sides and a red stripe over the middle.

The decoration could be awarded to a person who, while serving in any capacity with the US Army, is cited for gallantry in action against an enemy of the United States while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force, or while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party. The required gallantry, while a lesser degree than that required for award of the Distinguished Service Cross, must nevertheless have been performed with marked distinction.

Only for the first time the Silver Star Medal is being awarded, the recipient really received the medal. Within the US Army and the US Army Air Force/US Air Force, a Bronze Oak Leave was received for every further Silver Star Medal. The Oak Leave was to be worn on the ribbon of the first Silver Star Medal. Within the US Navy, US Marines Corps and the US Coast Guard, a Golden Star was received.
For every fifth Bronze Oak Leave or Golden Star a Silver Oak Leave or Silver Star was received.

Abrams, Creighton Williams, Jr.* September 15th, 1914
† September 4th, 1974

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Adams, Carlton R.06-04-1908 more 
Axline, Sherman E. 20-09-1944 
Atherton, Roger L. 20-09-1944 
Antone, Ferris J. 26-08-1942 
Aitken, Robert Bruce   
Akers, George Edward05-05-192201-01-1945 
Arnold, Archibald Vincent24-02-188904-01-1973 
Anderson, Maurice Milner18-09-192415-12-2007 
Axsom, George H.29-10-192012-06-1984 
Aubrey, Richard A.   
Atkinson, Jack S.   
Arbogast, Edward P.   
Alvarez, Guillermo C.   
Allen, James R.   
Alioto, John02-05-191525-02-1945 
Alcantar, Max L.14-12-192125-02-1945 
Aiello Jr., James J.   
Arnold, William Howard18-01-190130-09-1976more 
Arizzoli, ?   
Ahmed, Ali Ben   
Angoud, Mohammed   
Aiguier, ?   
Abbott, Earl L. "Abby"08-01-191924-01-1945more 
Alexander, Mark James23-01-191121-05-2004 
Adams, Donald R.20-02-192020-09-1944more 
Adams, Jonathan E., Jr. "Jock"08-09-191720-09-1984 
Anderson, Harry R.   
Antone, Albert M.   
Abraham, Edward G.   
Anderson, Robert Philip "Bob"   
Afflitto, Walter F. "Flip"   
Arnold, Arthur A.   
Adams, Ronald F., Sr. 07-01-1945 
Aaron, Hubert L.   
Alison, John R.21-11-191206-06-2011 
Ayers John E. 19-02-1944 
Anderson, Leroy H.   
Auvil, Daniel M., Jr.   
Arrison, Robert L.   
Adams, Albert J.   
Agnes, John E.   
Askew, Clair F.05-02-191711-08-1944 
Altman, Sidney J.   
Ahola, Ero W.   
Arter, Berman L.   
Asin, Carlos C.   
Argo, Charles R.   
Abernathy, William F.   
Amira, Ralph00-00-1921  
Atwood, Dayton D.00-00-192225-12-1944 
Amey, Herbert R., Jr. 20-11-1943 
Armstrong, Edward C.   
Andzelik, John   
Alexander, Merrill S.   
Andrew, Arthur T.   
Annicchiarico, Joseph   
Aubrey, Gordon K.   
Allen, Floyd C.   
Armellino, John Ralph21-02-192117-09-2004 
Anglade, Pierre21-11-192103-07-1946 
Andrieux, Jacques Marie Anne15-08-191721-01-2005 
Arheit, Frederick J.   
Andrew, Tom H.   
Alexander, Richard D.   
Alexander, John D.   
Asmussen, John, Jr.   
Anderson, John S. 26-03-1945 
Aston, William L., Jr.   
Angel, Norman B.   
Allen, Harold C.   
Ainsworth, Ellen Gertrude09-03-191916-02-1944 
Able, Johnnie J.   
Anderson, Theodore S.   
Adams, Henry T.   
Anderson, Harold R.   
Apello, Joseph A.   
Adams, Mark L.   
Arrington, Charles D., Jr.   
Albert, Howard 23-12-1943 
Adams, Kastian J.   
Atkisson, Clarence M.   
Armentrout, George C.   
Auer, Conrad P.   
Abate, Albert F.29-07-191501-12-2000more 
Austin, James B.   
Angell, David H.   
Ahearn, John Littleton30-11-191423-06-2004 
Adams, Joseph   
Ainsworth, Loyce F.   
Armstrong, Mason H.   
Anderson, Clarence Franklin19-07-191810-10-1993 
Adkins, Aaron C.   
Abshire, James W.   
Ashworth, Joe   
Abrams, Creighton Williams, Jr.15-09-191404-09-1974more 
Austin, Bernard Lige15-12-1902  
Atkins, Barry Kennedy02-08-191115-11-2005 
Andrews, Charles Herbert14-05-190807-12-1981more 
Atchison, Mark Dorgan 00-00-1951