Defence Medal 1939-1945

The Defence Medal was awarded for service in the forces in non-operational areas subjected to air attack or closey threatened for at least three years service in Great Britain until 8th May 1945 or one year in territories overseas until 2 September 1945. In the case of mine and bomb disposal units the time qualification was three months and Canadians serving for one year in Newfoundland were eligible and persons serving for six months in Hong Kong were also eligible. Service in West Africa, Palestine and India, other than operational air crew, qualified also for this award. Those awarded the George Cross or the George Medal for civil defence received this award and the Home Guard also qualified for this award.

Owing to the terms of reference it was not unusual to find a person with this award who had never heard a shot fired, but a person with only the Defence Medal, for example, whilst serving in the rescue services in London earned also this award and only the man who wears this award knows why it was earned.

The award has the coinage head of King George VI on the obverse. The reverse shows the Royal Crown resting above a small oak tree and flanked by two heraldic lions. The dates 1939 and 1945 appear in the top left and right respectively on the reverse, whilst beneath are the words THE DEFENCE MEDAL. The Medal is made of a Cupro-Nickel combination. The Canadian versions however, were made of ".800 fine" silver.

The light green ribbon is 1.25 inches wide with a central stripe of orange, which is 0.5 inches wide, and a narrow black stripe in the middle of each green stripe. The orange (flame colour) represents the enemy attacks on the green land of England and the black stripes represents the black-outs.

Adair, Hugh* August 24th, 1923
† October 27th, 2013

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Abel-Smith, Henry08-03-190024-01-1993more 
Adair, Allan Henry Shafto03-11-189704-08-1988more 
Adair, Hugh24-08-192327-10-2013 
Adams, Norman Marcus   
Adams, Ronald George Hinings31-12-189628-03-1979 
Aduckiewicz, Marian02-08-191721-11-2005more 
Aertsen, Servaas Klaas26-01-1922 more 
Alcock, John00-00-191800-00-1997 
Alderson, Thomas Hopper   
Allen, Robert Swinton24-07-191400-00-1982more 
Allen, Roland William John   
Allenberg, William Harry  more 
Ambrus, Jan Rozkazom19-05-189921-01-1994more 
Amerasekera, Ekanayake Edward Rohan21-05-191620-03-1974 
Anders, Wladyslaw Albert11-08-189212-05-1970more 
Anderson, Eric15-09-191506-04-1943 
Anderson, Robert Thomas30-12-191905-10-2001 
Andersz, Tadeusz27-10-191829-10-2007more 
Andrewartha, Charles Donald "Andy"15-04-191606-09-1973 
Andruszko, Michal Stanislaw00-00-191700-00-1987more 
Annand, Richard Wallace05-11-191424-12-2004more 
Annandale, James   
Antonowicz Andrault de Buy, Graf ,Mikolaj15-01-191503-04-2000more 
Appleford, Joseph Ernest11-01-1917  
Archer, Bertram Stuart Trevelyan03-02-191502-05-2015more 
Archer, Ernest Leonard  more 
Arkel, van, Jan27-08-191923-02-2011more 
Armitage, Robert Selby28-03-191001-06-1982 
Armstrong, Donald Richard Neville19-07-190700-00-1967 
Armstrong, Frederick Finlay00-00-191804-11-1997more 
Armstrong, Roy   
Arnfield, Stanley John03-10-191324-09-1954 
Arthur, Lawrence   
Arthur, Wilfred Stanley07-12-191923-12-2000more 
Artymiuk, Kazimierz28-08-192013-03-1984more 
Ashley, Austin Raymond01-01-1918  
Ashraf, Naik Mohammad   
Ashurst, Norman24-11-1920  
Ashworth, Arthur03-05-192019-02-1994more 
Atkins, Eric Granville19-03-1921 more