Wainwright, Jonathan Mayhew, IV, "Skinny"

Date of birth:
August 23rd, 1883 (Walla Walla/Washington, United States)
Date of death:
September 2nd, 1953 (San Antonio/Texas, United States)
Nationality:
American (1776 - present, Republic)

Biography

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Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Rank:
Lieutenant Colonel
Unit:
Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3, American Expeditionary Forces (AEF), U.S. Army
Awarded on:
1922
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Assistant Chief of Staff, 82d Division, First Assistant to the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3, 3d Army, and later as Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3, American Expeditionary Forces in Germany, by his untiring energy, devotion to duty, and exercise of initiative Lieutenant Colonel Wainwright contributed in a large measure to the success attained by the commands with which he served."
War Department, General Orders No. 19
Distinguished Service Medal - Army (DSM)
"For extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy, in action against enemy forces from 21 December 1941 through 5 January 1942, in Northern Luzon, Philippine Islands, during his defense and withdrawal from Bataan. Major General Wainwright's intrepid actions, personal bravery and zealous devotion to duty exemplify the highest traditions of the military forces of the United States and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army."
Headquarters, U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, General Orders No. 17
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility in the Philippine Islands in 1942."
War Department, General Orders No. 63 (Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General
Unit:
U.S. Army Forces in the Philippines – Northern Luzon, U.S. Army
Awarded on:
September 19th, 1945
Medal of Honor - Army (MoH)
"Distinguished himself by intrepid and determined leadership against greatly superior enemy forces. At the repeated risk of life above and beyond the call of duty in his position, he frequented the firing line of his troops where his presence provided the example and incentive that helped make the gallant efforts of these men possible. The final stand on beleaguered Corregidor, for which he was in an important measure personally responsible, commanded the admiration of the Nation's allies. It reflected the high morale of American arms in the face of overwhelming odds. His courage and resolution were a vitally needed inspiration to the then sorely pressed freedom-loving peoples of the world."
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Lieutenant General
"Lieutenant General Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright, IV (ASN: 0-2131), United States Army, was captured by the Japanese after the fall of Corregidor, Philippine Islands, on 6 May 1942, and was held as a Prisoner of War until returned to U.S. Military control during at the end of hostilities in August 1945."
Posthumously awarded
Prisoner of War Medal
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
w/ 3 campaign clasps

World War I Victory Medal
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Received with "BASE" clasp.
American Defence Service Medal
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Received with two bronze campaign stars.
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Received with bronze campaign star.
Philippines Defence Medal

Sources

  • Photo: U.S. federal government
  • - Jordan, Kenneth N., Yesterday’s Heroes – 433 men of World War II awarded the Medal of Honor 1941-1945, Schiffer Publishing Ltd., USA, 1996
    - Campbell, J., The Ghost Mountain Boys – Their Epic March and the Terrifying Battle for New Guinea – the Forgotten War of the South Pacific, Crown Publishers, New York, U.S.A., 2007
    - Bright, R.C., Pain & Purpose in the Pacific – True Reports of War, Trafford Publishing, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, 2010
    - Valor Awards