Jappenkamp
Dutch word for Japanese (POW) camp. An alternative name for a Japanese concentration camp where many Dutch citizens were interned during World War 2.
Jewish persecution
“Judenverfolgung”, action imposed by the Nazis to make life hard for the Jews, to actively persecute them and even annihilate them.
Jewish star
Star of David on a yellow background which had to be worn by Jews in Nazi Germany and occupied territory during World War 2.
Jews
Middle Eastern people with own religion that lived in Palestine. They distinguished themselves by their strong monotheism and the strict observance of the Law and tradition. During World War 2 the Jewish people were ruthlessly persecuted and annihilated by the German Nazis. . An estimated 6,000,000 Jews were exterminated.
Joodse Raad
“Jewish council”. A Jewish form of self-government implemented by the Germans in the Netherlands during the occupation. One of its tasks was to assist in the deportation of Dutch Jews.
Jump suit
Trousers and outerwear made from one piece, worn by paratroopers.
Jungmädel (JM)
“Young girls”. German national-socialist youth organisation for girls from 10 upto 14 years of age.
Junker
“Junger Herr”. Young master, young lord. German nobility and/or land owners. A great deal of influence in the army and in politics.
Junkerschulen
National-socialist schools where SS-men were educated to the rank of officer within the organisation.
Jäger
Also called fighter plane. Fighter planes can be used for air defence (armed with guns and/or carrying guided missiles) or for tactical purposes (armed with nuclear or conventional bombs or rockets). The aircraft used for tactical purposes are also called fighter- bombers because they are bombers with the speed and manoeuvrability of a fighter. Tactical fighters, equipped with photographic equipment are also used as reconnaissance plane.

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