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Abraham, Erich Gottfried

Date of birth:
March 27th, 1895 (Marienburg/Eastern Prussia, Germany)
Date of death:
March 7th, 1971 (Wiesbaden/Hesse, Germany)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, Third Reich)

Biography

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Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Awarded on:
September 2nd, 1915
Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse (1914)
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Awarded on:
March 20th, 1917
Militärverdienstkreuz III. Klasse
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Awarded on:
December 1st, 1934
Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Awarded on:
June 27th, 1917
Eisernes Kreuz 1.Klasse (1914)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberstleutnant
Unit:
Bataillons-Kommandeur II. / Infanterie-Regiment 266
Awarded on:
March 10th, 1940
Had already received the Iron Cross 2nd Class on 2nd September 1915.
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 2er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberstleutnant
Unit:
Regiments-Führer / Infanterie-Regiment 230 / 76.Infanterie-Division
Awarded on:
June 21st, 1940
Had already received the Iron Cross 1st Class on 27th June 1917.
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 1er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst
Unit:
Kommandeur Infanterie-Regiment 230
Awarded on:
March 7th, 1942
Award 86/3.
Deutsches Kreuz in Gold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst
Unit:
Kommandeur Infanterie-Regiment 230
Awarded on:
June 22nd, 1942
Ordinul Corona Romaneii Commander
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst (Colonel)
Unit:
Kommandeur Infanterie-Regiment 230 / 76.Infanterie-Division / VIII.Armee-Korps / 6.Armee / Heeresgruppe B
Awarded on:
November 13th, 1942
Abraham’s Knight’s Cross recommendation reads as follows…

“Oberst Abraham and his Inf.Rgt. 230 were involved in heavy defensive combat at the blocking position north of Stalingrad ever since our own forces broke through to the Volga on the 24.08.1942. They served in this capacity up until the Division was pulled out of the line on the 01.10.1942, in accordance with orders from the Armee.

Throughout the course of this extremely trying combat the Bolsheviks tried to relieve Stalingrad with a seemingly endless supply of both fresh reserves and tanks. However Oberst Abraham and his brave men fought with equal determination throughout this period, holding their positions to the last man during the weeks of defensive fighting.

Oberst Abraham particularly distinguished himself during the major Russian attacks on the 18. and 23.09.1942. Our defending forces had been severely weakened by the previous combat, and so on both of these two days the Russians were able to completely wipe out the garrison in two locations after heroic combat by our forces. The enemy poured in strong infantry and tank forces through these narrow gaps, and they advanced all the way to Oberst Abraham’s command post. Here Oberst Abraham fought with the same spirit of bravery and self-sacrifice exhibited by the soldiers that fought in the foremost line. He personally gathered up the men of his staff, and with them he held off the attacks of the far numerically superior enemy with a weapon in his own hands. Ultimately he managed to hold out on both occasions until reserves were brought up.

Although his own weak forces stood little chance of success against the much larger force, Oberst Abraham then decided on both occasions to launch an immediate counterthrust without waiting for orders from the Division.

Oberst Abraham’s personal devotion to duty here was enough to inspire his men to brave the offensive. In the resultant combat the enemy was torn apart, the hostile tanks destroyed and the frontline totally restored by the evening.

Oberst Abraham was clearly able to demonstrate his steadfastness, energy and personal bravery on both of these days. By doing so he managed to prevent the impending enemy breakthroughs and thereby achieve defensive successes that were of significance for the entire overall situation.

It is likewise to Oberst Abraham’s primary credit that his Regiment was able to hold its frontline on all other combat days. Throughout this time he understood the necessity of inspiring his Regiment with the appropriate fighting spirit, and this enabled it to withstand the enemy’s great superiority in spite of its own heavy losses. By successfully holding his sector of the frontline he contributed to the ability of our forces in Stalingrad to carry out their operations without interference.

Oberst Abraham has already been recommended for the Knight’s Cross to the Iron Cross on account of his brave and successful conduct during the encirclement battle at Kalatsch.”
1311th Award.
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generalmajor
Unit:
Kommandeur 76.Infanterie-Division
Awarded on:
June 3rd, 1943
Infanterie-Sturmabzeichen
Silver version
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generalleutnant (Major-general)
Unit:
Kommandeur 76.Infanterie-Division / XXIX.Armee-Korps / Heeresgruppe Südukraine
Awarded on:
June 26th, 1944
Generalleutnant Abraham and his reinforced Division succeeded in establishing a bridgehead over the eastern bank of the Latka river (northwest of Odessa) at the beginning of April 1944. The Division subsequently succeeded in holding this bridgehead open for those German forces that were fighting their way through Soviet formations as they retreated westwards. Abraham would be awarded the Oakleaves for his role in this decisive feat.
516th Award
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub

Sources

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