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Aulock, von, Andreas Maria Karl

Date of birth:
March 23rd, 1893 (Kochelsdorf/Upper Silesia, Germany)
Date of death:
June 23rd, 1968 (Wiesbaden/Hesse, Germany)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, Third Reich)

Biography

Career:
22.03.1912: Leutnant - 6. Thüringischen Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 95
02.08.1914: transferred to the 3. Kompanie - 6. Thüringischen Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 95
27.10.1914: Kompanieführer - 4. Kompanie - 6. Thüringischen Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 95
13.11.1915: Adjutant - I. Bataillon - Infanterie-Regiment 95
27.02.1916: Regimentsstab - Infanterie-Regiment 95
02.07.1917-25.09.1917: Feld-Rekrutendepot - 38. Infanterie-Division
10.1917: Sturmabteilung - 38. Infanterie-Division
1918: Oberleutnant und Adjutant - 102. Reserve-Infanterie-Brigade
20.01.1919: Offiziers-Durchgangslager Hannover-Münden
19.12.1919: Durchgangslager Göttingen
09.04.1920: retired
14.06.1937-11.07.1937: Hauptmann a.D. - Bekanntmachungsübung - III. Bataillon / Infanterie-Regiment 87
01.12.1937: Hauptmann der Reserve - Infanterie-Regiment 87
01.12.1938: Major und Chef der 10. Kompanie - Infanterie-Regiment 87
23.02.1939-04.03.1939: Stabsoffiziers-Lehrgang
26.08.1939: Kommandeur - II. Bataillon / Infanterie-Regiment 212
14.08.1940: promoted to Oberstleutnant
01.11.1940: Kommandeur - Infanterie-Regiment 226 in Stalingrad
24.02.1943: OKH-Reserve
10.03.1943: Kommandeur - Kampfgruppe - 79. Infanterie-Division
Summer 1943: Kommandeur - recreated Grenadier-Regiment 226
19.10.1943-22.10.1943: Führer der Division
30.11.1943: 9. Divisions-Führer-Lehrgang
07.02.1944: Führer-Reserve
11.02.1944: Kommandeur - Führer-Reserve des Wehrmachtbefehlshabers in the Netherlands
08.02.1944: Kommandant von Festungen - Heeresgruppe D
15.02.1944: Kommandant der Festung St. Malo
18.08.1944: surrendered Saint Malo with 400 men out of 10000

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
November 27th, 1939

Had already received the Iron Cross 2nd Class on 9th November 1914.
1939 Spange zum Eisernes Kreuz 2er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
June 21st, 1940

Had already received the Iron Cross 1st Class on 23rd February 1915.
1939 Spange zum Eisernes Kreuz 1er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant-colonel)
Unit:
Kommandeur, Infanterie-Regiment 226, 79. Infanterie-Division
Awarded on:
October 27th, 1941

Award 4/3
Deutsches Kreuz in Gold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst (Colonel)
Unit:
Komandeur, Grenadier-Regiment 226, 79.Infanterie-Division, XXXXIV.Armee-Korps, 17.Armee, Heeresgruppe A
Awarded on:
November 6th, 1943
The following wartime excerpt describes why Aulock was awarded the Knight’s Cross…

“Von Aulock resolved to personally lead his regimental reserve in a counterthrust against an enemy breakthrough attack in the sector of the left neighbouring regiment. This decision was particularly bold one in light of a simultaneous enemy penetration in the sector of his own Regiment, but it ultimately led to a decisive victory for both his Division and the Korps. By doing what he did he prevented an impending collapse of the Korps frontline up to the old Kuban. This in turn enabled a planned and orderly continuation of the withdrawal movement that was taking place at the time.”

2294th Award.
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst (Colonel)
Unit:
Festungskommandant St. Malo, Oberbefehlshaber West
Awarded on:
August 16th, 1944
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub
Aulock would receive the Oakleaves to his Knight’s Cross due to his fulfilling the difficult task of holding the designated Fortress of St. Malo for as long a time as possible.

551st Award.
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst (Colonel)
Unit:
Festungskommandant of St. Malo
Awarded on:
August 18th, 1944
Wehrmachtbericht
"Soldiers of all Wehrmacht branches under their commander Oberst von Aulock, have resisted here strong enemy forces in nearly three weeks' heroic struggle and have inflicted high, bloody casualties on the enemy."
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
February 23rd, 1915
Eisernes Kreuz 1.Klasse (1914)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
November 9th, 1914
Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse (1914)

Sources

Photo