Drummond, Sir, Peter Roy Maxwell

Date of birth:
June 2nd, 1894 (Perth, Western Australia)
Date of death:
March 27th, 1945 (Azores)
Mentioned on:
Air Forces Memorial Runnymede
Plot: Panel 264. 
Nationality:
Australian (1901-present, Federal Republic)

Biography

Rank: Air Marshal. Flying ace. Eight air victories.

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Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Unit:
No. 67 Squadron, Royal Flying Corps
Awarded on:
August 14th, 1917
For "skill and courage on all occasions" after he and Lieutenant Adrian Cole engaged and drove off six enemy aircraft that were attempting to bomb Allied cavalry.
Military Cross (MC)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Temporary Captain
Unit:
No. 111 Squadron, Royal Flying Corps
Awarded on:
August 23rd, 1918
Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
On 12 December 1917, he and observer/gunner John Knowles were escorting two Australian aircraft in his Bristol Fighter near Tul Karem, Palestine, when they were spotted by three German Albatros scouts. Drummond attacked and destroyed all three of the enemy aircraft.
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Unit:
No. 111 Squadron, Royal Flying Corps
Awarded on:
July 23rd, 1918
On 27 March 1918, again near Tul Karem, Drummond and another pilot scrambled to attack a German scout. As his wingman dealt with the intruder, Drummond, flying a Nieuport, single-handedly engaged six other German aircraft that had suddenly appeared. After he had destroyed one and "sent another down in a spin", Drummond developed engine trouble and had to land behind enemy lines. Finding his engine firing again, he took off before he could be captured by Turkish troops and gained a start over the four still-circling German scouts, "who had also concluded that the fight was over". Drummond was forced to land three more times in enemy territory—once in a cavalry camp where he "carried away a line full of washing" with his undercarriage in his escape—before he shook off all but one of the pursuing fighters and landed safely behind Allied lines.
2nd award: bar
Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
September 23rd, 1941
Companion of The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (CB)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
1942
Mentioned in Despatches
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
June 1st, 1943
Commander of The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (KCB/DCB)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
1946
Posthumously
Mentioned in Despatches
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
May 3rd, 1946
Posthumously

Sources

  • Photo: Public domain
  • Wikipedia

Photo