Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse

At the beginning of the Second World War, the Iron Cross 2nd Class was still highly regarded. In later war years however it was rewarded with much more ease. Still most recipients would wear the award with the same amount of proud ness. The Iron Cross 2nd Class was the first grade within the Iron Cross that was to be obtained for an individual act of bravery.

The official criteria were the individual and single act of bravery in the face of the enemy or actions that were above and beyond the normal call of duty. The approximately three million awarded crosses were obtained by German Military, Axis military and civilian uniformed organisations.

The cross measures 44 mm in diameter and hangs from a ribbon in the colours black white and red. The wide red band in the middle is being flanked by two equal white bands that both again are being flanked by a black band. During the whole war the production was retained with a high quality. On the front side one can find a Swastika and the year 1939, while the obverse contains the year 1813 on the lower arm.

Almost all World War Two crosses were made out of three parts, the Iron core and a silver rim on the front and backside. The two silver rims were welded together, holding the iron core. The core was produced from iron and was blackened. This core made the Iron Cross to be magnetized. Some examples are not magnetized because they were produced with brass or cupper. This version was especially welcome with members of the Kriegmarine. This core lasted longer in the exposure of salty sea water. The rim was supposed to be made from silver, but more common was the use of “German Silver”, a less expensive alloy of cupper, zinc and nickel. At the top a ring was welded to hold the loop for the ribbon. On the loop one can often find the manufacturers name although it is not uncommon that no name is placed. Therefore the absence of the manufacturers name is not a criterion to classify the cross as original or not.

The Iron Cross could be received in two different ways. The most exclusive way was in a leather box. More common was the bleu coloured envelop with in gothic letters the words “Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse”. The presentation was accompanied with a standard document. The receiving was also to be written down in the recipients “Soldbuch”or “Wehrpass”. The document normally didn’t contain the reason for obtaining the Cross, although in some occasions it was written down on the backside of the document.

It was not usual to wear the decoration it self. In stead a ribbon was worn on the left breast of hanging from the second button hole of the tunic in the way of the former Prussian Army.

In 1957 a special version of the cross was produced. On this the Swastika was replaced with an oak leaf. The way military actions of the Second World War could be honoured without the use of the forbidden Nazi-symbols. Most veterans however choose to wear the decoration as a ribbon only. Most 1957 versions are of a lesser quality than wartime examples.

Springer, Heinrich Adolf Leopold* November 3rd, 1914
† October 27th, 2007

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Borchers, Adolf* February 10th, 1913
† February 9th, 1996

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Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Obenauer, Leonhard   
Obenhaupt, Heinz04-10-1917  
Obergaulinger, Ludwig07-11-1911  
Obergfell, Eugen   
Obermaier, Albrecht09-07-1912  
Obermaier, Johann10-08-191909-07-1943 
Obermeier, Josef07-11-191216-03-1945more 
Obermeit, Heinz15-01-191215-02-1980 
Obermüller, Franz13-09-191829-07-1943 
Oberquelle, Erich14-12-1918  
Oberste-Sirrenberg, Heinz   
Obleser, Friedrich21-02-192305-06-2004more 
Obschil, Adolf21-11-191923-09-2000 
Obstfelder, von, Wolfgang10-09-191811-07-1981more 
Ochs, Heinrich19-04-191512-10-1943more 
Ochßner, Heinrich Wilhelm28-05-191216-09-1944more 
Ocken, Fritz25-06-190904-01-1988 
Odrozek, Theodor26-03-191426-12-1980 
Oefner, Fritz   
Oehl, Heinz10-11-191105-07-1943 
Oehrn, Victor21-10-190726-12-1997 
Oelker, Heinrich27-04-191004-02-1999more 
Oelrich, Adolf15-03-1916  
Oemler, Paul11-08-1916  
Oertel, Kurt   
Oertzen, von, Arthur24-06-1904  
Oesau, Walter28-06-191311-05-1944more 
Oesten, Jürgen24-10-191305-08-2010more 
Oesterlin, Albert14-01-190323-01-1944 
Oesterwitz, Karl-Heinz15-03-191413-06-1999more 
Oestmann, Jürgen04-03-1915  
Oettingen, von, Peter   
Offermann, Hans-Werner02-07-192122-04-1945 
Offermann, Helmut21-09-191311-03-2006more 
Offermanns, Franz21-10-1908  
Offermanns, Wilhelm28-02-191705-04-1941more 
Offtermatt, Eugen12-10-191431-03-1944more 
Ohl, Hubert  more 
Ohlerich, Ludwig09-12-1909  
Ohlrogge, Walter15-01-190930-04-2003more 
Ohmsen, Walter07-06-191119-02-1988 
Ohrloff, Horst02-04-191709-05-1997more 
Okrent, Wilhelm26-02-191608-05-1945 
Olboeter, Erich26-06-191702-09-1944 
Olbricht, Karl20-01-191726-04-1944 
Olejnik, Robert09-03-191129-10-1988 
Olf, Alfred08-04-1919  
Olin, Ulf-Ola18-07-191711-01-1995more 
Oll, Herbert05-03-190918-04-1944 
Olmo, Jean-François00-00-1910  
Olschewski, Georg02-06-191129-09-1996 
Olschewski, Walter   
Olshausen, Kai-Hermann31-03-1908  
Oltmann, Helmut   
Oltrogge, Hans   
Olze, Arno   
Omert, Emil15-01-191824-04-1944 
Opdenhoff, Hermann09-01-191522-03-1945 
Opdenhoff, Jürgen   
Opitz, Ewald02-10-1919  
Opitz, Fritz   
Opitz, Herbert07-03-191530-11-1941 
Opitz, Rudolf09-08-191001-05-2010 
Oppermann, Heinz08-10-1918 more 
Oppermann, Walter (Jäger-Regiment 38)31-05-192120-03-1943 
Orinschnig, Egon30-12-191311-09-1942 
Orschler, Willi   
Ortega Gil, Prudencio   
Orth, Bernhard18-02-191808-05-2011 
Orth, Karl18-04-190620-07-1968 
Orthmann, Kurt27-03-1914  
Ortler, Gerhard   
Ortlieb, Karl04-06-190528-01-1981 
Orzegowski, Ernst19-10-191902-08-2005more 
Orzel, Oskar27-05-1912  
Osbahr, Ferdinand   
Osés Armesto, Fernando   
Ossege, Theodor22-08-192129-07-1944 
Ostendorff, Werner15-08-190301-05-1945 
Oster, Dieter15-01-191806-12-2015 
Oster, Heinrich   
Osterhold, August09-05-191116-08-1943 
Osterhold, Wilhelm12-01-191403-04-2002more 
Ostermann, Ernst Gerhard Walter15-03-191602-03-1943 
Ostermann, Felix22-12-191701-10-1996 
Ostermann, Max-Helmuth11-12-191709-08-1942more 
Ostermeier, Hans-Arno10-02-190313-06-1989more 
Ostermeier, Johannes20-07-1918  
Ostertag, Reinhard28-10-1913  
Oswald, Erich27-09-191219-02-1945more 
Oswald, Franz (WL-Schlagtgeschwader)09-08-191513-01-2003 
Othmer, Hans-Arno21-09-1922  
Ott, Adolf   
Ott, Heinz (Luftwaffe)   
Ott, Heinz (Panzer-Regiment 24)06-06-192120-08-1997 
Ott, Helmuth05-12-191524-04-1945 
Ott, Joachim22-02-191826-06-1998 
Ott, Reinhold   
Ott, Rudolf10-02-190519-10-1987 
Ott, Rudolf10-02-190520-10-1987 
Ott, Rudolf10-02-190519-10-1987 
Ott, Rudolf10-02-190520-10-1987 
Ott, Rudolf10-02-190519-10-1987 
Ott, Rudolf10-02-190520-10-1987 
Ottawa, Norbert31-05-191821-01-1974 
Otte, Dr., Maximilian03-09-191020-05-1944more 
Otter, Anton01-03-191400-00-2004 
Ottmann, Theodor   
Ottmann, Werner15-01-1919  
Otto, Ernst (SS-Panzer-Regiment 1)02-02-191026-12-1968more 
Otto, Ernst (WH-Infanterie-Regiment 454)14-10-191411-06-1993more 
Otto, Heinz   
Otto, Herbert   
Otto, Herbert-Günther   
Otto, Karl   
Otto, Karl06-08-1918  
Otto, Karl   
Otto, Karl06-08-1918  
Otto, Karl   
Otto, Paul-Friedrich03-04-1917  
Otto, Rudolf14-12-191220-12-2006 
Otto, Werner14-04-191211-11-1985 
Ottokár, Orbán01-01-191012-07-1942 
Overath, Paul02-03-191213-01-1942 
Overath, Wilhelm28-02-191400-05-1979 
Overhagen, Theo08-01-191423-05-1944 
Overhoff, Gerold27-11-191418-06-2001 
Oxner, Joachim19-04-191428-01-1944