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Bronze Star Medal (BSM)

The Bronze Star Medal was officially instituted by Executive Order 9419 on February 4th, 1944. It was based on the idea of Colonel Russell P. "Red" Reeder in 1943. He had launched the thought that it was good for the morale of the military when there was a decoration that could be awarded by Captains of a Company or Battery to the personnel who served under their command. Colonel Reeder saw this medal as the ground version of the Air Medal and first introduced the name "Ground Medal". At first the decoration was to be instituted with the U.S. Navy to be given to ground and surface personnel for heroic or meritorious deeds. For unknown reasons the institution did not occur. The idea was picked up by General George C. Marshall who wrote a memorandum to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The president instituted the medal the very next day.

The decoration could be awarded to any military who, serving within or together with the army of the United States after 6th December 1941, decorating himself by heoric or meritorious deeds as military, not participating in air operations, during military operations against an armed enemy or during an armed conflict in which the United States was not participating as a beligirent. The decoration could be awarded for the discribed heroic actions, not sufficient to be awarded the Silver Star or for meritorious actions or meritorious acting of service, which did not qualify for the awarding of the Legion of Merit. In 1947 the possibilities for awarding were enlarged. From that moment on the medal could also be awarded to any member of the United States Army that were mentioned in orders after December 6th, 1941 or who had received a certificate for exceptional service in goundbattle against an armed enemy between December 7th, 1941 and September 2nd, 1945 or who’s merit could be proven by documents dated before July 1st, 1947. This made it possible to award the Bronze Star to any person who had received the Combat Infantryman Badge or the Combat Medical Badge.
The Bronze Star can also be obtained by veterans or next of kinn. Military that took part in the struggle on the Philippines between December 7th, 1941 and May,10th 1942 could receive the medal when the action took place on Luzon, the Bataan peninsula or the Harbour Defences on Corregidor Island and were entitled to the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation. Military who had received the Purple Heart during the early days of the Second World War specifically for merit and not for wounds could in some occasions also exchange the Purple Heart for the Bronze Star. To any foreign soldier that fought in close coöperation with the United States Army, the decoration could also be awarded.

The Bronze Star Medal was designed by Rudolf Freund of Bailey, Banks and Biddle who also designed the Silver Star. The decoration measures 1,5 inch (38 mm) over all. In the middle there can be found another bronze star with a diametre of 3/16 inch (4,8 mm). All radials in the centre of both stars continue in one each other. The back bears the inscription "HEROIC OR MERITIOUS ACHIEVEMENT" and a space to ingrave the recipients name.

The medal hangs on a ribbon with a square loop and rounded corners. The ribbon measures 1 3/8 inch (35 mm) wide. Left and right can be fond a 1/32 inch (1 mm) wide white line, followed to the inside by a scarlet 9/16 inch (14 mm) broad band. In the middel can be fond an ultramarine blue band measuring 1/8 inch (3 mm) flanked by two 1/32 inch (1 mm) lines.

Every next Bronze Star awarded was to be shown by a bronze oak leaf cluster (US Army, Air Corps and Air Force) or a golden star (US Navy, Marines and Coast Guard). At every fifth award, the bronze and golden were replaced by a a silver oak leaf cluster or silver star. A bronze "V" for "Valor" was awarded when the Bronze Star was received for heoism in battle, thus distincting the award from the Bronze Stars warded for merit. This "V" was introduced in 1945. The action it was to be awarded for had to be of significant value. Only one "V" was permitted to be worn on the ribbon.

Abrams, Creighton Williams, Jr.* September 15th, 1914
† September 4th, 1974

Adams, Lucian* October 26th, 1922
† March 31st, 2003
Plot: AI Grave: 555

Adler, Samuel L.† April 20th, 1945
Plot: F Row: 11 Grave: 26

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Aaron, Henry C.   
Abbott, Edgar R. 17-06-1944 
Abbott, Lysle I.   
Abney, Grady00-00-191620-09-1945 
Abrams, Creighton Williams, Jr.15-09-191404-09-1974more 
Acheson, Viscount, Archibald14-01-191117-02-1966 
Ackerman, Walther R. (US Army)   
Adamkoski, Frank Jr. 17-01-1945 
Adams, Donald R.20-02-192020-09-1944more 
Adams, Jonathan E., Jr. "Jock"08-09-191720-09-1984 
Adams, Lucian26-10-192231-03-2003more 
Adams, Robert D.   
Adams, Steve   
Adlard, Ithel R.   
Adler, Samuel L. 20-04-1945 
Adzuara, Rufo 05-05-1942 
Agna, Reginald A.24-12-191423-11-1944 
Ahad, Iman Marajukin L.09-04-191825-12-1971more 
Aho, Edward W.10-10-190631-10-1945 
Aiello, James Joseph27-08-1912 more 
Aikens, Wingurd08-04-192100-00-1983 
Aingell, Yaha28-02-192130-12-1943 
Aker, Fred Theador20-08-192017-04-1945 
Albertini, Maurice Marc   
Albright, Barry E.08-03-191805-11-1950 
Alessandro, Joseph   
Alexander, Earl D   
Alexander, Mark James23-01-191121-05-2004 
Alexander, Merrill S.   
Alexander, Richard D.   
Alexander, Robert O.   
Alfonso, Jafet00-00-191820-09-1944 
Alford, Paul R.   
Alger, Harold L.   
Allard, Howard A.   
Allen, Doniphan Monroe "Don"05-08-191129-11-1944 
Allen, Edgel  more 
Allen, John E.   
Allen, Laurence Edmund19-10-190812-05-1975 
Allen, Robert R.   
Allen, Ueal F.   
Allen, Walter Henry "Pappy"17-05-191523-04-1951more 
Allmon, Mervin Wilcox   
Allsopp, Henry Richard, 5th Baron Hindlip01-07-191219-12-1993 
Alonge, Sam F.   
Alston, Augustus Howard Jr.   
Alterio, Ernest09-06-191228-12-2003more 
Altif, Albert   
Altomare, Eugene 05-11-1943 
Alvaro, William   
Alvis, Samuel   
Amaral, Noah R   
Ambler, Eric Clifford28-06-190922-10-1998 
Ambro, Eugene Allan   
Ambrose, Louis M.   
Amerman, Walter Gordon Dr. (US Army)07-11-191928-12-1988more 
Anderson, Alan G.   
Anderson, Amel   
Anderson, Beauford T. "Andy"06-07-192207-11-1996more 
Anderson, Bernard H.   
Anderson, Clarence Franklin19-07-191810-10-1993 
Anderson, Clarence Leland01-12-191308-07-1944 
Anderson, Clifford, Jr.   
Anderson, David   
Anderson, Dean   
Anderson, George Calvin   
Anderson, James H.00-04-1920  
Anderson, James M.   
Anderson, Leroy H.   
Anderson, Norman A.   
Anderson, Raymond J.   
Anderson, Robert Washington09-08-1921 more 
Anderson, Roy   
Anderson, Rudolph Y.09-06-191930-03-1945 
Anderson, William A.   
Andreas, Jack 11-07-1943 
Andrews, Peter   
Androsky, John P. 05-10-1944 
Angel, Camillus   
Angerer, Bennie B.   
Anglin, Suel C.   
Anker, Leonard A.   
Annin III, Robert Edwards30-05-191830-03-1945 
Anton, Calvin K.   
Antonioli, Louis L. 26-03-2005 
Antrim, Richard Nott17-12-190708-03-1969more 
Apelgren, Edwin   
Appleby, Gene J.01-09-191417-09-1944 
Appleby, Gene J. 17-09-1944 
Appleton, Ernest Philip   
Arasin, Joseph   
Argall, Thomas P.   
Arkema, Kenneth J.04-09-191911-09-2003 
Arledge, William H. 06-10-1944 
Armellino, John Ralph21-02-192117-09-2004 
Armitstead, Herbert   
Armstrong, John F. "Jack"   
Arndt, Daniel   
Arnold, Edwin Y.   
Arnold, William Howard18-01-190130-09-1976more 
Arterburn, Nello R.   
Arzel, François, Marie25-02-192120-11-1944 
Ashman, Charles H. (506th PIR)01-03-192421-05-1945more 
Ashmore, Vester   
Ashton, Clarence Mcallister14-02-192304-09-2011more 
Askren, William V. 20-09-1944 
Asper, Mauria H.   
Astier De La Vigerie, d', Henri11-09-189710-10-1952 
Astoria, Arthur J.   
Athens, Everett John "Johny" 00-05-1994 
Atkins, Barry Kennedy02-08-191115-11-2005 
Atkins, Thomas Eugene05-02-192115-09-1999 
Atkinson, Marvin E.   
Atkinson, Robert W.   
Aubrey, Gordon K.   
Aurness, James King "Jim"26-05-192303-06-2011more 
Auvil, Daniel M., Jr.   
Ayers, Alfred   
Ayers, William E.   
Ayres, Harold B.   
Azbill, Cecil Albert15-01-191811-11-1994